Welcome to St. Petersburg!
- Tours to Russia /
- St. Petersburg
|Location||Eastern Europe, the Eastern shore of the Baltic Sea (Gulf of Finland)|
|Latitude||59 º 57' North|
|Longitude||30 ° 19' East|
|Founded||16 (27) May 1703|
|Population||5.2 million (as of 2015)|
|Area||1400 square kilometers|
|Seaport||Passenger terminal on Vasilievsky Island|
The former capital of a grand and Glorious empire which stretched over much of the globe, St. Petersburg is chock-full of culture and a rich and exciting history, full of dramatic events and major historical figures. Founded in 1703 by Emperor Peter the Great as his "window on the West", St. Petersburg enjoys a vibrant, cosmopolitan atmosphere and some of the most beautiful architecture in Europe. For those interested in culture and history, St. Petersburg is the perfect holiday destination.
A city of palaces and museums, broad avenues and winding canals, St. Petersburg's short history has endowed the city with a wealth of architectural and artistic treasures. Alongside world-famous attractions such as the Hermitage, St. Isaac's Cathedral and the Mariinsky Theatre, the city has scores of lesser known but equally fascinating sights that reveal both the pomp and extravagance of St. Petersburg's political and Imperial past, and also the mysterious, tragic genius that has touched so many of the city's great artists and writers. Still considered Russia's cultural capital, St. Petersburg reflects the country's extraordinary fate like no other city, and its uniquely rich atmosphere exerts a powerful grip on even the most jaded traveler.
St. Petersburg cherishes and venerates its history and culture in an incredible number of museums, ranging from the stunning treasures of the Hermitage to the private artifacts of world-famous artists, writers, and scientists.
While the Winter Palace is undoubtedly the most famous, it is certainly not the only grand palace in St. Petersburg. In fact, a spate of projects in the reign of Catherine the Great ensured that the city had more than any other in Europe, and subsequent generations continued to create majestic residences in a variety of styles, many of them architectural masterpieces.
It is not only palaces and churches that make up St. Petersburg's treasure trove of architectural gems, many of the city's public buildings - from administrative buildings to army barracks, and up-market stores to universities and schools - are also architectural masterpieces spanning three centuries of styles and trends.